Electric vehicle
 
Context

Today traffic pollution makes up 25% of the atmospheric pressure in the Greater Parisian region of Ile de France*, making it one of the world’s most urgent epicenters in the battle against air pollution. Among the solutions promoted by the City of Paris and its surrounding region, Ile de France, is electric transport.

Yet, and this despite the efforts of the City Hall and manufacturers of electric vehicles, only 27 000 electric vehicles were registered in Ile de France** in the years 2010 to 2017, compared with 6.2 million combustion engine vehicles in 2015 alone.

To promote their electric ecosystem, Paris and the cities in the Region have implemented several different measures – the availability of public street-side charging stations, subsidized parking lots, free parking on public streets etc. Today, two main levers have been identified in order to accelerate this move to electric transportation, cities must:

  • Firstly, increase the development of important street-side charging infrastructure. With only 800 pre-bookable Autolib’ stations (an electric rental car network) available to electric car owners, in 2016 the City of Paris created a public network of Belib’ car-charging stations, which now number 165. The City’s goal is to push this number to 270 by the end of 2017;
  • Secondly, gain greater visibility for the advantages linked to the public use of electric vehicles. As such, subsidies, purchasing grants, free or cheaper parking spaces might add to the arguments leading individual consumers to choose electric vehicles.

* Source: Airparif, report on the origin of pollutants in the Ile-de-France region (reference year: 2010)

** Source: AVERE, Distribution of car registration by region 2010-2017

How can we facilitate the roll-out of electric vehicles and associated infrastructure ?
 
Possible Experimental Scenarios

We have put together two experimental scenarios:

  • How can infrastructure be optimized? (B2B)
    • Objective: Use the cross-referencing data from our partners, so as to provide the City of Paris with a greater understanding of electric vehicle behavior and with the tools required to make informed decisions (street-side station infrastructure, stronger membership base[HR1] …)
    • Possible scenario: A study using data available from our partner organizations to create visuals. Experimentation potentially designed as a prototype for a decision-making tool for the City of Paris.

 

  • How can we promote the purchase and usage of electric vehicles? (B2C or B2B2C)
    • Objective: to centralize the public advantages linked to going electric (both financial and operational, i.e. grants for purchases, parking and charging perks, transport taxes etc.) to prospective and current owners of electric vehicles to incentivize them to go electric, and help them optimize their transport expenses.
    • Possible scenario: static or dynamic interface bringing together the public advantages linked to electric vehicles in Ile de France. Possible real-time experimentation with prospects in a Renault showroom
Business Opportunities for Participating Stakeholders

Scenario 1 / B2B:

  • City of Paris: can take advantage of help in the decision-making department, with regards to the implementation of and investment in urban vehicle-charging infrastructure;
  • Renault and RCI Bank and Services: can strengthen their knowledge of consumer behaviors through vehicle-charging data, so as to improve their products and services;
  • Startups: sale the studies to the City of Paris, based on their experimentation, sale the studies to other players (Enedis, infrastructure investors...), potential also to scale up through Renault-Startups partnerships in other cities in France and in Europe.

Scenario 2 / B2C or B2B2C:

  • City of Paris, towns in Ile de France: showcasing public initiatives that promote electric vehicles, fostering increased usage of electric vehicles;
  • Renault and RCI Bank & Services: selling points for prospective electric vehicle buyers, advantages for the community of electric vehicle users, improved calculation of ROI for dealers according to cities promoting electric vehicles;
  • Startup: sale of solutions (annually or according to number of connections) to manufacturers which integrate their platforms (manufacturer apps, manufacturer sites, in-car navigation systems…).
 
Resources

DATA

Renault Electric Vehicle Data:

  • Recharge and distance data for the Renault ZOE (34 300 registered electric vehicles in France, 750 in Paris in late 2016). Since March 2017 this data has been accessible and is updated every 15 minutes. Historical data provides figures previously available, updated every 30 minutes (first year of production: 2012).
    • Battery level (%);
    • Charging station connection status (binary);
    • Recharging status (binary);
    • Electric recharge status (invalid, slow > fast);
    • Capacity of charge (in kW);
    • Time remaining until full recharge (hh:mm:ss);
    • Total distance covered by car (in km);
    • Notifications of planned recharges (on/off);
    • Battery capacity of the vehicle (in km);
    • Individual identification number of the vehicle (absolute value);
    • Date and time of notifications and data transferred by the vehicle (hh:mm:ss);
    • Location of the private charging stations of the owners of Renault vehicles.

Belib’ and Autolib data:

Open source dynamic data providing:

  • Stations' location:

https://opendata.paris.fr/explore/dataset/stations_et_espaces_autolib_de_la_metropole_parisienne/information/

  • Status of stations: real-time availability status of charging stations;
  • Power consumed: recharge curves of charging vehicles;
  • Charging timelines: times during which stations are most used.

Additional Belib’ data:

  • Connector used for the charge;
  • Date and time of the beginning and end of charge
  • Number of the RFID tag
  • Post code of residence associated with the RFID tag

Historical data available since the installation of Belib’ stations (dating back to January 2016).

Administrative literature for cities and municipalities across the region of Ile de France:

  • Information base centralized by the organization AVERE-France (non-profit for the promotion of electric transport) and by Renault’s Public Affairs department, available for experimentation;
  • Rulings of municipalities throughout Ile de France regarding electric vehicles, published online via their respective websites.

 

CUSTOMERS 

  • Renault customer base: community of Renault ZOE owners (34 000 registered vehicles in France, 750 in Paris as at end 2016).
  • Belib’ customer base: 1 300 users.

FIELD OF EXPERIMENTATION

  • Possible access to Renault showrooms if experimentation involves contact with customers.
 
Expertise
  • Thierry Bourdas, Director of EV Transport Taskforce, Paris City Hall
  • Sébastien Albertus, Director of EV Infrastructure & Services, Renault
  • Isoline Degert, EV Ecosystem Analyst, Renault
  • Paul Ricaud, Expert in EV Connected Services, Renault
  • Arnaud Lebrun, EV Director, RCI Bank and Services